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POTENTIAL AND DEVELOPMENT
OF CAJUPUT OIL IN MOLLUCAS

E. MANUHUWA AND M. LOIWATU
FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, PATIMURA UNIVERSITY,
CAMPUS POKA, AMBON
elli_manuhuwa@yahoo.co.id

LOGO SYMPO SPICES AMBON 2013 (1)

INTERNATIONAL SPICES CONFERENCES
19 to 21 August 2013
Ambon, Mollucas Indonesia

Mollucas island  is well-known as source of cajuput oil all over the country. Cajuput oil  is obtain from leaves and twigs of  Melaleuca leucadendron tree by water or steam distillation.  

The tree yielding the oil are found in Buru,  Ceram, Ambon and  west-east Maluku island.  The name “cajeput” is derived from its Indonesian name, “kayu putih” or "white wood". The total land covers by cajeput tree in Buru island is 120,000 hectares, Ceram island is 50,00 hectares,  Ambon island is 600 hectares and  west-east mollucas  island is 20,000 hectares. 

Cajuput essential oil has stimulant and relaxant activity and is used both internally such as aromatherapic uses and externally.

Mellauleca lecadendron

Assessment of bamboo potential and its development in West Ceram Regency

Physics And Mechanicals Properties Of Laminated Board Made Of Bamboo

Chemical component and anatomical features of three species of bamboos

The effect of pre-treatment to the Merbau (Intsia bijuga o.k) seed viability

Cajuput oil is non toxic and non sensitizing, however may irritate the skin, therefore it needs to be well diluted with carrier oil such as coconut oil, jojoba oil, sunflower oil etc, and never allowed to come into contact with mucous membranes, open wounds and eyes.

cajuput

Mellauleca lecadendron


Possible drug interactions: no interactions have been reported. For pregnant or breast feeding women: no harmful effects are known.

image011

The principal constituent of Cajuput oil is 1,8-cineole  or C10H18O

QUALITY OF CAJUPUT OIL BASED ON ITS PROVENANCE

Provenance

Source of oil

Quality

1.8 cineole (%)

Buru

Namlea

1

66.2

Buru

Namlea

4

38.1

Buru

Wae Puti

1

69.4

Buru

Jiku Besar

2

24.2

Ambon

Suli

2

63.1

Ceram

Shop/distributor

1

36.9

Ceram

Pelita Jaya

2

54.5

 

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CONCLUSION

Potentials and Constraints of Establishing Cajuput Oil  In Mollucas.

  1. Quality of seed and seedling, planting technique and plant rearing affect  the  supply  of raw material  for oil manufacturing  in mollucas.
  2. Cajeput oil from Buru Island was certified as  best quality  in term of 1,8 cineole content.
  3. Quantity and  quality of cajuput oil  depend on leaves and twigs ripeness, distillation method, and type of barrel  to  cook leaves and twigs.
  4. The collectors and traders capture most of the revenue of oil industry. Local government have to support community to make oil distillation as their source of income.

 

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