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ASSESSMENT OF BAMBOO POTENTIAL AND ITS DEVELOPMENT
IN WEST CERAM REGENCY


(Case Study of Three Subsdistrict of West Ceram Regency)
By E. Manuhuwa

ABSTRACT
Objective of the study is to assess potency of bamboo plant and its development in West Ceram regency. Mostly bamboo found at subsdistrict of Taniwel, Piru and Kairatu. Based on a survey made by Agriculture and Forestry Agency of West Ceram regency was 3589.4 hectares.
This study found eight species of bamboo which used traditionally called in local tongue is bambu jawa, bambu sero (Gigantochloa apus), bambu suanggi, bambu suanggi baduri, bambu patong (Dendrocalamus asper), bambu loleba (Bambusa atra), bambu tui (Schizostachyum lima), bambu tapir and bambu tutul (Bambusa vulgaris). Bambu Jawa is utilize to make water duct for, furniture, and handicraft. Bambu sero to make fences because it is resistance to beetle, water duct, fishing trap, rafting and container for food cooking.

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Bambu Suanggi and suanggi baduri utilize to make stick for support building construction and traditional hammer called “nani” to beat stem of sago palm ( Metroxylum sp ) to make sago flour.

traditional fish trap made from bamboo. Mostly bamboo crafter used to make furniture from bambu jawa and bambu sero in the small part of furniture and handicrfat. which the only bamboo cane utilize in the furniture making at Morekao ( Piru subdistrict ).

Bambu sero utilize to make fences because it is resistance to beetle, water duct, fishing trap, rafting and container for food cooking.

Bambu Suanggi and suanggi baduri utilize to make stick for support building construction and traditional hammer called “nani” to beat stem of sago palm ( Metroxylum sp ) to make sago flour.

Bambu petung utilize to make house building as pole and crossbar, and its bamboo shoot called “rebung” for food, and ever been utilize to make chopstick at Taniwel.

Bambu loleba utilize to make flat basket called “nyiru”, rope to knitt sago leaves for roof making, fruit picker and rafter.

Bambu Tui and bambu tapir utilize to weaving, to make flute, bamboo shoot for food. Bambu tutul is the only bamboo plant whixh is introduce by farmer as ornamental plant but it utilize to make furniture and handicraft.

Bamboo potential in the subsdistrict of Taniwel comprise of several village which is Rumahsoal, Lohta Sapalewa, Laturake, Buria, Riring and Niniari; in the subsdistrict of Piru which is Morekao and Lumoli and subsdistrict of Kairatu which is Seriholo, Tala, Sumeit Pasinaro, Ahiolo-Abia, Watui, Huku kecil, Rumakai, Latu and Hualoi. Based on a survey made by Agriculture and Forestry Agency of West Ceram regency was listed as follow,

Table 1.   Kinds of species and area of bamboo plant 
in the village of  subsdistrict Taniwel, Kairatu and Piru.

Subsdistrict/village

Area of village (Hectares)

Species of bamboos

Area of bamboo
( hectares )

Taniwel

 

 

 

1.  Buria

5366,3

Petung

650

2.  Uweth

1826,3

Petung

140

3.  Hulung

2142,6

Petung

70

4.  Kasie

4750,3

Petung

60

5.  Sohuwe

5235,6

Petung

100

 

 

Apus (Sero)

45

6.  Hatunuru

7124,3

Petung

100

 

 

Apus (Sero)

30

7.  Lumapelu

1833,6

Petung

50

 

 

Apus (Sero)

40

Kairatu

 

 

 

1.  Tala

450,0

Petung

15

2.  Latu

1640,0

Petung

15

3.  Rumahkay

3400,0

Petung

10

4.  Tihulale

1120,0

Petung

12

5.  Urau

430,0

Petung

5

Piru

 

 

 

1.  Morekau

344,3

Petung

10

2.  Lumoli

230,7

Petung

5

Source:
Dinas Pertanian dan Kehutanan, Kabupaten SBB, 2005.
Kecamatan Taniwel, Kairatu dan Piru dalam Angka, 2003

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